For a beginner of Linux/Ubuntu there can be little confusions about the new environment. There are certain things that is very important to do after a fresh installation of Ubuntu. These things will help you to improve the working quality of your Ubuntu desktop environment. Note that these are specifically for the latest versions after Ubuntu 10.04
ADD ADDITIONAL SOFTWARE REPOSITORIES
There is a wonderful collection of software are available from third-party sources, as well as from the default Ubuntu software repositories. If you want to install software from a third-party software repository, you must add it to Ubuntu’s list of available repositories.
$ sudo apt-get update
INSTALL RESTRICTED EXTRAS
Codecs that support MP3s, .WMV videos or encrypted DVDs etc are not installed in Ubuntu11.10 by default due to some legal issues ,But they are available in the name Restricted extras. Installation of restricted extra packages will make you able to play mp3 and all kind of that things. Open terminal and type (excluding the $ symbol):
$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
For DVD playback support:
$ sudo apt-get install libdvdread4
$ sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
ACTIVATE ADDITIONAL DRIVER SOFTWARE
Check for additional drivers by clicking the session menu and selecting System Settings. In the Hardware section, click Additional Drivers. Wait a moment for Ubuntu to update its database.
Many of the driver software found in Additional Drivers are proprietary and their source code isn’t freely available. Therefore, Linux community developers are unable to fix any security or functionality problems in the driver. These drivers also cannot be installed automatically as part of Ubuntu. If you are willing to accept this limitation, activate the driver.If your graphics card (probably NVIDIA or ATI) or Your wifi device doesn’t get detected automatically.
Go to System Settings -> Additional Drivers and wait for the window to appear with driver options. Select the driver software you want to install and click on Activate. After installing the driver restart your computer.
INSTALL POWERTOP FOR POWER PERFORMANCE
Powertop is a Linux tool created by Intel to identify software which causes increased power consumption even while your system is not working. You can increase the battery life of your laptop by installing powertop .to install open terminal and type :
$ sudo apt-get install powertop
INSTALL NECESSARY APPLICATIONS
Applications are necessary for the fresh system. It helps us to do what we have to do with the computer. Here some commands to install some important applications you need. Open the terminal and paste these precious commands:
$ sudo apt-get install vlc
$ sudo apt-get install gimp $ sudo apt-get install gimp-data-extra
$ sudo apt-get install gimp-plugin-registry
$ sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
$ sudo apt-get install chromium-codecs-ffmpeg-extra
$ sudo apt-get install cheese